Adoption Attorney, Lisa L. Collins, Esq., has provided some Adoption Basics for individuals starting their adoption journey:
What are my adoption options?
There are all different types of adoptions, including domestic, international and related person adoption. In terms of domestic adoption, there are agency adoptions or private adoptions. They can be in-state or out-of-state. The children that are available for adoption can be newborns through teenagers, of any race or medical background. Some of these adoptions are called special needs or trans-racial. In terms of international adoption, the children come from many countries, such as Korea, China, India, and Ethiopia. They can also be of various ages and come from varying medical backgrounds.
An updated list of available countries can be found at U.S. Department of State – Intercountry Adoption.